Russia Historic Sites and Landmarks

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Holy Trinity LavraHoly Trinity Lavra
Sergiyev Posad, Russia

Founded in 1345 by St. Sergius and containing his relics, this is the most important monastery in Russia and the spiritual center of Russian Orthodox Christianity.

Peter and Paul CathedralPeter and Paul Cathedral
St. Petersburg, Russia

Completed in 1733 inside the Peter and Paul Fortress, the yellow Cathedral of Sts. Peter and Paul is characterized by a unique Protestant-influenced Baroque architecture. It is the oldest and second-tallest building in St. Petersburg.

Church of the Savior on BloodChurch of the Savior on Blood
St. Petersburg, Russia

This magnificent cathedral, full of color inside and out, was begun by Alexander III in 1883 in memory of his father, who was killed on this spot. Used as a warehouse in the Soviet era, it is now a museum.

St. Basil's CathedralSt. Basil's Cathedral
Moscow, Russia

This famously colorful cathedral was built by Ivan the Terrible between 1534 and 1561 to commemorate a military victory. It consists of nine chapels built on a single foundation.

New Jerusalem Monastery
Moscow, Russia

New Jerusalem Monastery is located on the river Istra outside Moscow. It was founded in 1656 by Patriarch Nikon, who patterned it after Jerusalem's Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

Alexander Nevsky Monastery
St. Petersburg, Russia

Founded in 1710 by Peter the Great to house the relics of the military hero-saint Prince Alexander of Novgorod, this is one of only four Russian monasteries to be given the highest rank of *lavra*.

Novospassky Monastery
Moscow, Russia

The New Monastery of the Savior was founded in 1491 but entirely rebuilt by the Romanovs in the 1640s. Its cathedral contains frescoes by the best 17th-century painters.

Novodevichy Convent
Moscow, Russia

The New Maiden's Convent was founded in 1524 by Tsar Vasily III to commemorate the capture of Smolensk from Lithuania. Thanks to its magnificent buildings and historic cemetery, it is a very popular t

St. Isaac's Cathedral
St. Petersburg, Russia

This gigantic Neoclassical cathedral was built 1818-58 under the direction of Tsar Alexander I. In Soviet times, it was turned into a museum of atheism and a Foucault pendulum was installed in place o

Cathedral of the Assumption
Moscow, Russia

Uspensky sobor in the Kremlin was built 1475-79 by an Italian architect. The relatively austere gray facade hides an interior covered in frescoes on every available space.

Cathedral of the Archangel
Moscow, Russia

Arkhangelsky Sobor was built 1505-08 by an Italian architect. Inside are frescoes by Russian artists from the 16th and 17th centuries.

Cathedral of the Annunciation
Moscow, Russia

Blagoveschensky Sobor was built 1484-1489 by Russian architects and was the personal church of the royal family until the 20th century.