Egypt Historic Sites and Landmarks

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Great Pyramids of GizaGreat Pyramids of Giza
Giza, Egypt

Constructed at least 4,500 years ago and shrouded in fascinating mysteries, the pyramids of Giza are the only Ancient Wonder of the World to survive today.

Valley of the KingsValley of the Kings
Luxor, Egypt

This famed valley on the West Bank of the Nile was the burial place for pharaohs and nobles from 1539 BC to 1075 BC. It contains some 60 tombs, including the famous King Tut's Tomb.

Karnak TempleKarnak Temple
Luxor, Egypt

Dedicated primarily to Pharaoh Amun, Karnak Temple is a vast temple complex in Luxor begun around 1600 BCE. It is an impressive sight and second only to the Great Pyramids of Giza in popularity.

Luxor TempleLuxor Temple
Luxor, Egypt

Near Karnak Temple, and also dedicated to Amun, is the huge Luxor Temple dating from the 1300s BCE. It is full of monumental statues, tall walls and ancient carvings, and is beautifully lit at night.

Mount SinaiMount Sinai
Egypt

Mount Sinai (or Jebel Musa or Mount Moses) in Egypt is the traditional site where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. At the summit are small chapels and spectacular sunrise views.

St. Catherine's MonasterySt. Catherine's Monastery
Egypt

The traditional site where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God, Mount Sinai is home to St. Catherine's Monastery, the oldest Christian monastery still in use.

PhilaePhilae
Philae Island, Egypt

Philae Island is home to the great Temple of Isis, a major place of pilgrimage in the ancient world and one of the last sanctuaries to be converted to Christianity.

Mastaba of MererukaMastaba of Mereruka
Saqqara, Egypt

Built for a pharaoh's vizier around 2200 BCE, the Mastaba (flat-topped tomb) of Mereruka has 32 rooms and featured detailed decoration inside.

Muhammad Ali MosqueMuhammad Ali Mosque
Cairo, Egypt

Completed in 1848, the Ottoman-style Muhammad Ali Mosque or "Alabaster Mosque" is the most prominent in Cairo, dominating the skyline from its lofty location on the Citadel.

Cairo CitadelCairo Citadel
Cairo, Egypt

The Citadel was built in the 12th century by Saladin and his successors, using the most advanced construction techniques of the age. For the next 700 years, Egypt was ruled from this hill.

Mortuary Temple of HatshepsutMortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
Luxor, Egypt

This three-tiered mortuary temple is dedicated to Hatshepsut, a female pharaoh who reigned 1503-1482 BC. Built against a cliff face, the great complex contains ancient statues and carvings.

Bent PyramidBent Pyramid
Dahshur, Egypt

Built by Pharaoh Sneferu, the Bent Pyramid was the first true pyramid, as opposed to a step pyramid. Its unusual angle probably results from a necessary last-minute adjustment to the angle.