Mexico

Center of great civilizations since first mill. BCE, including Olmec, Zapotec, Mixtec, Toltec, Mayan, and Aztec; Spain conquered the area in 16th century; was hub of viceroyalty of New Spain; had territorial battles with USA, France, Britain and Spain in 19th century; official language is Spanish.

Quick Facts on Mexico

Go Historic ID
36694
Names
Mexico
Location
Population
130,207,371 (#10 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8% (2005 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European) (2012 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)