India

Shares name and history with India subcontinent; Alexander invaded in 327 BCE; partially united at various times, including under Muarya and Gupta dynasties, Delhi sultanate, Bahmani dynasty, Vijayanagar, Moguls, and Marathas; European domination began in the 18th century; English is used for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindī and several other native languages are considered the "official" languages; dozens of non-"official" local languages are also spoken.

Quick Facts on India

Go Historic ID
36653
Names
India
Location
Population
1,339,330,514 (#2 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Hindi 43.6%, Bengali 8%, Marathi 6.9%, Telugu 6.7%, Tamil 5.7%, Gujarati 4.6%, Urdu 4.2%, Kannada 3.6%, Odia 3.1%, Malayalam 2.9%, Punjabi 2.7%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.1%, other 5.6% (2011 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000 est.)
Religions
Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2% (2011 est.)