Turkey

Indigenous Anatolian peoples were invaded by Indo-European Hittites, forming empire ca. 1900 BCE; ruled by Persians 6th century BCE, then Greeks, then Romans 1st century BCE; settled by Turks from central Asia 11th century; was heart of Ottoman Empire 13th-19th centuries; official language is Turkish.

Quick Facts on Turkey

Go Historic ID
36777
Names
Turkey
Location
Population
82,482,383 (#18 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
Ethnic Groups
Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)
Religions
Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)