Syria

Earliest inhabitants of the area were probably Natufians ca. 10,000 BCE; home to several great cultures, including Akkadians and Amorites 3rd-2nd millenia BCE; ruled by Alexander, Romans, Arabs, and Ottomans; shares name with ancient region covering a wider area; official language is Arabic.

Quick Facts on Syria

Go Historic ID
36766
Names
Syria
Location
Population
20,384,316 (#61 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, English
Ethnic Groups
Arab ~50%, Alawite ~15%, Kurd ~10%, Levantine ~10%, other ~15% (includes Druze, Ismaili, Imami, Nusairi, Assyrian, Turkoman, Armenian)
Religions
Muslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)