Switzerland

Area settled in pre-Christian period; had Roman encampments 1st century; Germanic tribes invaded 3rd-6th century; ruled by Franks 9th century, Holy Roman Empire from 11th century; first confederation of cantons was established 13th century, others joined 14th-19th century; official languages are German, French and Italian, though Romansch is also a national language.

Quick Facts on Switzerland

Go Historic ID
36765
Names
Switzerland
Location
Population
8,453,550 (#99 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
German (or Swiss German) (official) 62.6%, French (official) 22.9%, Italian (official) 8.2%, English 5.4%, Portuguese 3.7%, Albanian 3.2%, Serbo-Croatian 2.5%, Spanish 2.4%, Romansh (official) 0.5%, other 7.7% (2017 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Swiss 69.5%, German 4.2%, Italian 3.2%, Portuguese 2.6%, French 2%, Kosovo 1.1%, other 17.3%, unspecified .1% (2018 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 35.9%, Protestant 23.8%, other Christian 5.9%, Muslim 5.4%, Jewish 0.3%, other 1.4%, none 26%, unspecified 1.4% (2017 est.)