Spain

Spain was inhabited by Neanderthals from 20,000 BCE and Homo Sapiens 13,000 BCE. In ancient times it was colonized by Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, and Visigoths. Muslim conquest in the 8th century; global expansion 15th-19th centuries. Languages include Spanish, Catalan, Galician, and Basque.

Quick Facts on Spain

Go Historic ID
36757
Names
Spain
Location
Population
47,260,584 (#30 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Castilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan, <5,000 speakers) (2018 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Spanish 86.4%, Moroccan 1.8%, Romanian 1.3%, other 10.5% (2018 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 68.9%, atheist 11.3%, agnostic 7.6%, other 2.8%, non-believer 8.2%, unspecified 1.1% (2019 est.)