Pakistan

Area was inhabited by 3500 BCE; urban cultures developed in Indus Valley by late 4th millennium BCE; Aryan-speakers immigrated 2nd millennium BCE; Hindu culture dominated by 4th century CE; ruled by Muslims 8th-16th centuries, then by Mughals; part of British India 1857-1947; official languages are Urdu and English, though other languages including Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushtu, and Baluchi are spoken.

Quick Facts on Pakistan

Go Historic ID
36720
Names
Pakistan
Location
Population
238,181,034 (#5 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Ethnic Groups
Punjabi 44.7%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.4%, Sindhi 14.1%, Saraiki 8.4%, Muhajirs 7.6%, Balochi 3.6%, other 6.3%
Religions
Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)