Lebanon

Area was home to Syrian Maronite Christians from 7th century; massacres by Druse Muslims led to establishment of Christian governor appointed by Ottomans in 1861; was part of French mandate named Syria from 1920; suffered internal strife after independence; official language is Arabic, though French, English, and Armenian are also spoken.

Quick Facts on Lebanon

Go Historic ID
36674
Names
Lebanon
Location
Population
5,261,372 (#121 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
Ethnic Groups
Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
Religions
Muslim 61.1% (30.6% Sunni, 30.5% Shia, smaller percentages of Alawites and Ismailis), Christian 33.7% (Maronite Catholics are the largest Christian group), Druze 5.2%, very small numbers of Jews, Baha'is, Buddhists, and Hindus (2018 est.)