Indonesia

Settled by Proto-Malay peoples of Asia from Neolithic time to 1000 BCE; relations with China and India from the 1st century; powerful kingdoms ruled from 9th century; Islam arrived in 13th century; Dutch visited 1595, competed with British and French for land 17th-19th centuries; official language is Bahasa Indonesia (a form of Malay), though English, Dutch, and Javanese are also widely spoken.

Quick Facts on Indonesia

Go Historic ID
36654
Names
Indonesia
Location
Population
275,122,131 (#4 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese) (2010 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.)
Religions
Muslim 87.2%, Protestant 7%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Hindu 1.7%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist and Confucian), unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)