Colombia

Area was inhabited mainly by Chibchan-speaking peoples at time of Spanish invasion 1525-1559; they were concentrated in western mountainous regions and had no strong political institutions; part of Gran Colombia with Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama 1819-1903; official language is Spanish.

Quick Facts on Colombia

Go Historic ID
36605
Names
Colombia
Location
Population
50,355,650 (2021 est.)
Languages
Spanish (official)
Ethnic Groups
mestizo and White 87.6%, Afro-Colombian (includes mulatto, Raizal, and Palenquero) 6.8%, Amerindian 4.3%, unspecified 1.4% (2018 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 79%, Protestant 14% (includes Pentecostal 6%, mainline Protestant 2%, other 6%), other 2%, unspecified 5% (2014 est.)