Bolivia

Area inhabited by 20,000 BCE; definable cultures developed 1st millenium BCE; home of Tiahuanaco culture 100-1200 CE; Aymara-speaking kingdoms and Quechua-speaking Incan culture thrived 12-16th centuries; Spanish arrived 1532, conquered the Incas by mid-16th century; official languages are Spanish, Quechua, and Ayamar√°.

Quick Facts on Bolivia

Go Historic ID
36585
Names
Bolivia
Location
Population
11,758,869 (#81 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Spanish (official) 60.7%, Quechua (official) 21.2%, Aymara (official) 14.6%, Guarani (official) 0.6%, other native languages 0.4%, foreign languages 2.4%, none 0.1% (2001 est.)
Ethnic Groups
mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 68%, indigenous 20%, White 5%, cholo/chola 2%, Black 1%, other 1%, unspecified 3% ; 44% of respondents indicated feeling part of some indigenous group, predominantly Quechua or Aymara (2009 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 76.8%, Evangelical and Pentecostal 8.1%, Protestant 7.9%, other 1.7%, none 5.5% (2012 est.)