Australia

Isolation of the land has allowed for the evolution of unique flora and fauna; Indigenous Australians are believed to have arrived between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago; Australia was sighted by Portuguese, Spanish, and Dutch in the 17th century; was claimed by Britain in 1771, used as penal colony; free British settlers arrived in the 19th century; official language is English.

Quick Facts on Australia

Go Historic ID
36571
Names
Australia
Location
Population
25,809,973 (#55 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
English 72.7%, Mandarin 2.5%, Arabic 1.4%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.2%, Italian 1.2%, Greek 1%, other 14.8%, unspecified 6.5% (2016 est.) note: data represent language spoken at home
Ethnic Groups
English 25.9%, Australian 25.4%, Irish 7.5%, Scottish 6.4%, Italian 3.3%, German 3.2%, Chinese 3.1%, Indian 1.4%, Greek 1.4%, Dutch 1.2%, other 15.8% (includes Australian aboriginal .5%), unspecified 5.4% (2011 est.) note: data represent self-identified ancestry, over a third of respondents reported two ancestries
Religions
Protestant 23.1% (Anglican 13.3%, Uniting Church 3.7%, Presbyterian and Reformed 2.3%, Baptist 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.1%, Lutheran .7%, other Protestant .5%), Roman Catholic 22.6%, other Christian 4.2%, Muslim 2.6%, Buddhist 2.4%, Orthodox 2.3% (Eastern Orthodox 2.1%, Oriental Orthodox .2%), Hindu 1.9%, other 1.3%, none 30.1%, unspecified 9.6% (2016 est.)