Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament) London, England

Founded in 1016 and rebuilt in the 1800s, the Palace of Westminster has housed the British Parliament since 1259. Parliamentary sessions are open to the public and tours are available regularly.

Quick Facts

Go Historic ID
250172
NHLE ID
1226284
Names
Palace of Westminster official
Houses of Parliament
Coordinates
51.4991670° N, 0.1247220° W
Dates
1840–76

Location Map

Map showing the location of the Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament), London, England. (Note: The address shown in the upper-left panel is sometimes inaccurate.) Click here to view larger.

Aerial View

Aerial view of the Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament), London, England. (Note: The address shown in the upper-left panel is sometimes inaccurate.) Click here to view larger.

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Timeline

1016
King Canute begins building a royal residence on Thorney Island where the Palace of Westminster now stands.
1042
Construction of the Palace of Westminster
1097
William Rufus, the son of William the Conqueror, builds the original Westminster Hall.
1220
King Henry III redesigns the Queen's Chapel, Queen's Chamber and King's Chamber (later known as the Painted Chamber) in the Palace of Westminster.
1220
The Exchequer (finance department) moves from Winchester to the Palace of Westminster in London.
1259
First recorded mention of Parliament being opened in the Painted Chamber of Westminster Palace.
1292
Edward I begins constructing St. Stephen's Chapel and the Chapel of St Mary Undercroft in the Palace of Westminster.
1394
Richard II rebuilds Westminster Hall in the Houses of Parliament to its present form.
1512
Westminster Palace becomes the permanent home of the Houses of Parliament after King Henry VIII abandons it in favor of the nearby Palace of Whitehall.
5 Nov 1605
Failure of the Gunpowder Plot in London

21 more events →

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Listed Building Data

Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament) is listed on the National Heritage List for England with the following data. Some information may have become outdated since the date of listing. Text courtesy of Historic England. © Crown Copyright, reprinted under the Open Government License.

List Entry ID
1226284
Grade
I
Name
HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT THE PALACE OF WESTMINSTER
Location
HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT, PARLIAMENT SQUARE SW1THE PALACE OF WESTMINSTER, PARLIAMENT SQUARE SW1
Grid Reference
TQ 30267 79504