Oxwitzá Belize

This important Mayan city flourished in the 6th century and now lies in ruins in western Belize near Guatemala. Hidden in the jungle until 1937 and still being excavated, it contains pyramids, tombs and Mayan art.

Quick Facts

Go Historic ID
249549
Names
Caracol
Caracol Archaeological Reserve
Oxwitzá
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Timeline

900 BCE
Earliest known human presence at Caracol
70 CE
First Mayan ritual structures built at Caracol, including the Temple of the Wooden Lintel and locus B34 burial.
150 CE
Another elaborate burial is added to locus B34 at Caracol.
331
Founding of the Caracol royal dynasty.
562
Caracol defeats Tikal and assumes leadership of the region. It will flourish through the 8th century.
631
Caracol defeats the rival city of Naranjo.
859
This is the last date to be recorded on a stele at Caracol.
1050
Caracol is abandoned; begins to be absorbed by jungle
1937
Rediscovery of Caracol
1952
Archaeologists began preliminary studies at Caracol.

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