St. Peter's Basilica Vatican City

St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City is the world headquarters of Roman Catholicism and one of the largest churches in the world. Founded by Constantine the Great in 324, it stands over the tomb of Saint Peter the Apostle.

Quick Facts

Go Historic ID
248447
Names
Basilica di San Pietro Italian
Michelangelo's Dome
Shrine of St. Peter
St. Peter's Basilica
Coordinates
41.9022220° N, 12.4533330° E

Location Map

Map showing the location of St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City, Vatican City. (Note: The address shown in the upper-left panel is sometimes inaccurate.) Click here to view larger.

Aerial View

Aerial view of St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City, Vatican City. (Note: The address shown in the upper-left panel is sometimes inaccurate.) Click here to view larger.

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Timeline

64 CE
Martyrdom of the Apostle Peter on Vatican Hill
324
Constantine commissions St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
25 Dec 800
Charlemagne is crowned Roman Emperor at St. Peter's Basilica
1506
Reconstruction of St. Peter's Basilica begins under Pope Julius II
1546
Michelangelo appointed chief architect of St. Peter's Basilica
1585
Completion of the dome of St. Peter's begun by Michelangelo
1615
Completion of St. Peter's Basilica