Mauthausen Concentration Camp Mauthausen, Austria 1938-45
Mauthausen (also known as Mauthausen-Gusen) was a group of 49 Nazi concentration camps situated around the small town of Mauthausen in Upper Austria, about 20 km east of Linz.
Quick Facts Quick Facts on Mauthausen Concentration Camp
- Go Historic ID
- Mauthausen Concentration CampKZ-Gedenkstätte MauthausenMauthausen MemorialMauthausen-Gusen
- 48.256924° N, 14.501417° E
- main dates
- Erinnerungsstrasse 1, A-4310 Mauthausen
Historyby Holly Hayes
May 9, 2013
Mauthausen Concentration Camp was established on August 8, 1938, and liberated on May 5, 1945 by the US Army. Unlike many other concentration camp systems, Mauthausen was used mostly for extermination of the educated people and members of the higher classes in countries occupied by Germany during World War II. Originally, the largest group of inmates consisted of German socialists, homosexuals and Roma. This was the first group to be executed in the gas chambers, early in 1942. With them came some female matrons. Also, the inmates were used for slave labor at nearby farms. continue reading →
Overviewby Holly Hayes
May 9, 2013
The village of Mauthausen is very beautiful in its own right and is often visited for its medieval architecture. Overshadowing its attractiveness, however, is the concentration camp and extermination center located about 3km (2 miles) northwest of the village. The camp was declared a national monument in 1949, and often schoolchildren are brought here and taught what went on in this notorious camp. You are also led down the infamous "Stairway of Death," which the prisoners took on their last walk. continue reading →
- Haunschmied, Rudolf A.. St. Georgen-Gusen-Mauthausen: Concentration Camp Mauthausen Reconsidered. BoD. 2008. Print.
- Goyer, Tricia and Tricia Goyer. Night Song: A Story of Sacrifice (Novel). Moody Publishers. 2004. Print.
- Official Website of Mauthausen Concentration Camp. Web. Official website.
- Michael Berenbaum. “Mauthausen.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Web.