Mauthausen (also known as Mauthausen-Gusen) was a group of 49 Nazi concentration camps situated around the small town of Mauthausen in Upper Austria, about 20 km east of Linz.

Facts & Stats on Mauthausen Concentration Camp

Go Historic ID
319668
Names
Mauthausen Concentration Camp
KZ-Gedenkstätte Mauthausen
Mauthausen Memorial
Mauthausen-Gusen
Dates
1938-45

Visitor & Contact Information

Address
Erinnerungsstrasse 1, A-4310 Mauthausen
Mauthausen, Austria

Essays on Mauthausen Concentration Camp

History of Mauthausen Concentration Camp

Mauthausen Concentration Camp was established on August 8, 1938, and liberated on May 5, 1945 by the US Army.

Unlike many other concentration camp systems, Mauthausen was used mostly for extermination of the educated people and members of the higher classes in countries occupied by Germany during World War II.

Originally, the largest group of inmates consisted of German socialists, homosexuals and Roma. In early 1940, a large number of Poles were transferred to the Mauthausen-Gusen complex, composed mostly of artists, scientists, boy-scouts, teachers and university professors... view full text »

Description of Mauthausen Concentration Camp

The village of Mauthausen is very beautiful in its own right and is often visited for its medieval architecture. Overshadowing its attractiveness, however, is the concentration camp and extermination center located about 3km (2 miles) northwest of the village.

The camp was declared a national monument in 1949, and often schoolchildren are brought here and taught what went on in this notorious camp. Various countries that lost citizens here have erected memorials outside the camp to honor their dead... view full text »

Resources for Mauthausen Concentration Camp

  1. Mauthausen Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.
  2. St. Georgen-Gusen-Mauthausen: Concentration Camp Mauthausen Reconsidered
  3. Night Song: A Story of Sacrifice (Novel)
  4. Official Website of Mauthausen Concentration Camp Official website.

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About This Listing

Last Updated
February 4, 2015
First Published
October 8, 2013
Submitted by
Holly Hayes
Title
Mauthausen Concentration Camp - Mauthausen, Austria