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Quick Facts

Go Historic ID
319668
names
Mauthausen Concentration Camp
KZ-Gedenkstätte Mauthausen
Mauthausen Memorial
Mauthausen-Gusen
coordinates
48.256924° N, 14.501417° E
main dates
1938
categories
address
Erinnerungsstrasse 1, A-4310 Mauthausen

Essays on Mauthausen Concentration Camp

  • History

    by Holly Hayes
    May 9, 2013

    Mauthausen Concentration Camp was established on August 8, 1938, and liberated on May 5, 1945 by the US Army. Unlike many other concentration camp systems, Mauthausen was used mostly for extermination of the educated people and members of the higher classes in countries occupied by Germany during World War II. Originally, the largest group of inmates consisted of German socialists, homosexuals and Roma. This was the first group to be executed in the gas chambers, early in 1942. With them came some female matrons. Also, the inmates were used for slave labor at nearby farms. continue reading →

  • Overview

    by Holly Hayes
    May 9, 2013

    The village of Mauthausen is very beautiful in its own right and is often visited for its medieval architecture. Overshadowing its attractiveness, however, is the concentration camp and extermination center located about 3km (2 miles) northwest of the village. The camp was declared a national monument in 1949, and often schoolchildren are brought here and taught what went on in this notorious camp. You are also led down the infamous "Stairway of Death," which the prisoners took on their last walk. continue reading →

Bibliography of Mauthausen Concentration Camp

  1. Haunschmied, Rudolf A.. St. Georgen-Gusen-Mauthausen: Concentration Camp Mauthausen Reconsidered. BoD. 2008. Print.
  2. Goyer, Tricia and Tricia Goyer. Night Song: A Story of Sacrifice (Novel). Moody Publishers. 2004. Print.
  3. Official Website of Mauthausen Concentration Camp. Web. Official website.
  4. Michael Berenbaum. “Mauthausen.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Web.

Article Info

Short URL
gohist.co/319668
Submitted by
Holly Hayes
Published
October 8, 2013
Last updated
July 11, 2014

Historic Places Near Mauthausen Concentration Camp