Mauthausen Concentration Camp Mauthausen, Austria 1938-45
Mauthausen (also known as Mauthausen-Gusen) was a group of 49 Nazi concentration camps situated around the small town of Mauthausen in Upper Austria, about 20 km east of Linz.
Quick Facts Quick Facts on Mauthausen Concentration Camp
- Go Historic ID
- Mauthausen Concentration CampKZ-Gedenkstätte MauthausenMauthausen MemorialMauthausen-Gusen
- 48.256924° N, 14.501417° E
- main dates
- Erinnerungsstrasse 1, A-4310 Mauthausen
Historyby Holly Hayes
May 9, 2013
Mauthausen Concentration Camp was established on August 8, 1938, and liberated on May 5, 1945 by the US Army. Unlike many other concentration camp systems, Mauthausen was used mostly for extermination of the educated people and members of the higher classes in countries occupied by Germany during World War II. Originally, the largest group of inmates consisted of German socialists, homosexuals and Roma. This was the first group to be executed in the gas chambers, early in 1942. With them came some female matrons. Also, the inmates were used for slave labor at nearby farms. continue reading →
Overviewby Holly Hayes
May 9, 2013
The village of Mauthausen is very beautiful in its own right and is often visited for its medieval architecture. Overshadowing its attractiveness, however, is the concentration camp and extermination center located about 3km (2 miles) northwest of the village. The camp was declared a national monument in 1949, and often schoolchildren are brought here and taught what went on in this notorious camp. You are also led down the infamous "Stairway of Death," which the prisoners took on their last walk. continue reading →
Day 5: Crossing Northern MontanaPosted October 19, 2014 by Holly Hayes Part of: Pacific to Mississippi Road Trip
Day 5 was mostly about making good eastward progress, so I spent most of my time behind the wheel. As usual, I had rejected the usual freeway route (I-90 in this case) in favor of a smaller highway (Highway 2), and was glad I did.
Day 4: History and Hiking in Glacier National ParkPosted October 13, 2014 by Holly Hayes Part of: Pacific to Mississippi Road Trip
104 years ago, President Taft signed a bill designating Glacier National Park as the 10th national park. Today there are over 50 national parks, but Glacier is still one of the largest and most notable. Called the "Crown of the Continent," it contains over 1 million acres of mountains, lakes, hiking trails, historic sites, and wildlife. It was designated a World Heritage Site in 1995.
Day 3: A Sunny Autumn Day in Kalispell, MontanaPosted October 7, 2014 by Holly Hayes Part of: Pacific to Mississippi Road Trip
I spent two nights in the small town of Kalispell, Montana, and had a great time. The sun was shining, the leaves were turning colors, the downtown was quiet and walkable, there were many good lodging options and interesting things to check out, and it's right next to Glacier National Park. Highly recommended.
Day 2: Spokane to KalispellPosted September 28, 2014 by Holly Hayes Part of: Pacific to Mississippi Road Trip
The first night of my road trip was spent at Spokane's historic Davenport Hotel, built in 1914. It's an impressive place with impressive history:
Day 1: Portland to SpokanePosted September 24, 2014 by Holly Hayes Part of: Pacific to Mississippi Road Trip
This is the first post in a series on a roadtrip from Oregon to Minnesota - and possibly beyond! As usual, I'm avoiding freeways, visiting historic places, staying in historic hotels, and eating in historic restaurants. The first day I drove from Portland, OR to Spokane, WA, with many stops along the way.
- Michael Berenbaum. “Mauthausen.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Web.
- Official Website of Mauthausen Concentration Camp. Web. Official website.
- Goyer, Tricia and Tricia Goyer. Night Song: A Story of Sacrifice (Novel). Moody Publishers. 2004. Print.
- Haunschmied, Rudolf A.. St. Georgen-Gusen-Mauthausen: Concentration Camp Mauthausen Reconsidered. BoD. 2008. Print.
- Submitted by
- Holly Hayes
- October 8, 2013
- Last updated
- July 11, 2014