Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

Hagia Sophia
view all photos »

Once a mosque and now a museum, the Hagia Sophia was originally a Byzantine cathedral, built in 537. It is universally acknowledged as one of the great buildings of the world.

Go Historic ID
Short URL
Hagia Sophia
Heritage Lists
Aya Sofya Square
Istanbul, Turkey
41.008548° N, 28.979938° E
Date Published
October 8, 2013
Last Updated
April 11, 2015


  • Dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses

    The dome of Justinian's Hagia Sophia collapses during work to repair earthquake damage. It will be reconstructed on an even larger scale by 562.

  • Completion of the Hagia Sophia under Constantius

    The original Hagia Sophia (Church of Holy Wisdom) in Constantinople is completed under Emperor Constantius.

  • Nika Riots in Constantinople

    Fires set during the Nika riots destroy much of Constantinople, including the imperial palace and the original Hagia Sophia.

  • Hagia Sophia Completed

    The Hagia Sophia, principal Byzantine church in Constantinople (modern Istanbul) and marvel of ancient architecture, is completed under Emperor Justinian, who is said to have exclaimed, Νενίκηκά σε Σολομών ("Solomon, I have outdone thee!")...

  • Crusaders attack, desecrate and plunder the Hagia Sophia. Today, most of Hagia Sophia's riches can be seen in the treasury of St. Mark's Basilica in Venice.


  1. Met Special Topics: Hagia Sophia Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History.
  2. The Byzantine Monuments: Hagia Sophia Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarchate.
  3. Istanbul: Buildings: Hagia Sophia Grove Art Online.
  4. Blue Guide Turkey