This 12th-century Norman church, known for its rare round shape, was built by the Knights Templar and contains several fascinating details.
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- Temple Church
- Inner Temple Lane, King's Bench Walk
- 51.513186° N, 0.110442° W
- Date Published
- October 8, 2013
- Last Updated
- April 11, 2015
The Temple Church in London is consecrated in a ceremony conducted by Heraclius, Crusader Patriarch of Jerusalem. King Henry II may have been present. The Knights Templar is very powerful in England in this period. The Master of the Temple sits in parliament as the "first baron of the realm" and the Temple compound is regularly used as a residence by kings and by legates of the Pope.
The Temple Church is the scene of important negotiations leading to the signing of Magna Carta.
A newly enlarged chancel is consecrated on Ascension Day. The enlargement is primarily intended to provide a suitable resting place for King Henry III, who had indicated a wish to be buried in the Temple Church.
In Shakespeare's play Henry VI, the War of the Roses is sparked by the plucking of two roses in the Temple Church garden.
The Temple Church survives the Great Fire of London unscathed.
The walls and ceiling of the church are renovated in the Victorian Gothic style.
German Air Raid Damages Temple Church
At the height of the Battle of Britain in World War II, a German air raid of incendiary bombs damages the Temple Church: the roof of the Round catches fire, which quickly spreads to the nave and chancel. All wooden furnishings are destroyed, except for the Wren altar which is fortunately away at a museum.
The Temple Church is rededicated after being fully restored.
Da Vinci Code Filmed at Temple Church
Scenes of The Da Vinci Code movie are filmed at the Temple Church.