Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris

Paris City Lights with Notre-Dame Cathedral
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One of the most famous cathedrals in the world, this 12th-century Gothic beauty is a must-see for its historical importance and magnificent art.

Go Historic ID
318201
Short URL
gohist.co/318201
Names
Notre Dame Cathedral
Address
6 place du Parvis Notre-Dame
Paris, France
Coordinates
48.852977° N, 2.349937° E
Phone
01-42-34-56-10
Date Published
October 8, 2013
Last Updated
April 11, 2015

Timeline

December 2, 1804
Coronation of Napoleon

Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Emperor by Pope Pius VII at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.

May 19, 1182
Consecration of Notre Dame Cathedral

The main altar of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris is consecrated by a representative of the Pope. So far only the choir and ambulatory have been constructed.

528
Construction of the first Notre Dame Cathedral

Childebert I, King of the Franks, constructs the first church on the present site of the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. Built over the ruins of a Roman temple to Jupiter, the church is dedicated to St. Stephen.

August 26, 1944
Thanksgiving service for liberated Paris in Notre Dame Cathedral

A thanksgiving service is held at Notre Dame Cathedral following General Charles de Gaulle's entry into liberated Paris.

1537
James V of Scotland marries Madeleine of France in Paris

King James V of Scotland marries Madeleine of France in Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris.

1771
Central portal of Notre Dame partially dismantled for a procession

Soufflot removes the trumeau and part of the tympanum of the central portal to make room for a processional canopy to pass through.

1793
Notre Dame plundered and re-dedicated to Reason during the French Revolution

Notre Dame Cathedral falls victim to the French Revolution. Many sculptures and treasures are destroyed or plundered. The cathedral is rededicated to the Cult of Reason; Lady Liberty replaces the Virgin Mary on several altars. The cathedral will soon be used as a warehouse for storing food.

1163
Construction begins on Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris

Construction begins on the present Notre Dame Cathedral after the cornerstone is laid by Pope Alexander III.

1178
Construction continues at Notre Dame Cathedral

Second phase of work at Notre Dame Cathedral begins. The transepts and most of the nave will be completed by 1200.

1190
Construction of west facade of Notre Dame Cathedral up to rose window

Construction of the west facade of Notre Dame Cathedral up to the level of the rose window. The second aisle is also being built during this period.

1220
Creation of the west rose window at Notre Dame

Creation of the west rose window of Notre Dame Cathedral.

1225
West towers erected at Notre Dame Cathedral

The west towers of Notre Dame Cathedral are erected.

1235
Nave chapels added to Notre Dame Cathedral

Several chapels are built between the nave buttresses of Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris.

1296
Construction of radiating chapels at east end of Notre Dame

Pierre de Chelles and Jean Ravy construct the radiating chapels on the east apse of Notre Dame Cathedral; Ravy and his successors Jean le Bouteiller and Raymond du Temple erect the famous flying buttresses.

1845
Major restoration work at Notre Dame Cathedral under Viollet-le-Duc

Viollet-le-Duc directs major restoration work at Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris.

1831
<em>The Hunchback of Notre-Dame</em> by Victor Hugo

Victor Hugo publishes the novel Notre-Dame de Paris (better known as The Hunchback of Notre-Dame), prompting widespread interest in Gothic architecture.

1186
Geoffrey Plantagenet dies suddenly in Paris

Geoffrey Plantagenet, son of King Henry II, is buried in Notre Dame Cathedral after his sudden death in Paris.

April 24, 1558
Wedding of Francis II and Mary Stuart in Paris

The wedding of Francis II to Mary Stuart (the future Mary, Queen of Scots, now 16 years old) is held at Notre Dame Cathedral.

1991
Major restoration and cleaning work at Notre Dame Cathedral

A major program of restoration work, including painstaking cleaning of the blackened exterior, begins at Notre Dame Cathedral.

1977
Fragments of facade sculptures excavated near Notre Dame Cathedral

An excavation near Notre Dame Cathedral uncovers a happy surprise: fragments of the facade sculptures knocked down during the French Revolution, including the head of King David. They are now on display in the Cluny Museum in Paris and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

October 30, 2012
July 21, 2008

Resources

  1. Blue Guide Paris
  2. Paris: Buildings: Notre-Dame Grove Art Online.
  3. Notre-Dame de Paris
  4. Notre-Dame de Paris
  5. The Gargoyles of Notre-Dame: Medievalism and the Monsters of Modernity
  6. Designs and Ornaments from the Chapels of Notre Dame
  7. The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture
  8. Official Website of Notre Dame Cathedral Official website.