A type of building, or a status of a church, or both. Architecturally, a basilica is an oblong, colonnaded building that was used in the Roman Empire as a town hall or law court. The style was adapted by early Christianity in its church architecture. In its other meaning, a basilica is a church that has been awarded special status by the Pope.

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basilika German
basilique French
basilica's Dutch

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Refers to religious or secular buildings characterized by an oblong plan divided into a nave with two or more side aisles, the former higher and wider than the latter and generally lit by clerestory windows; usually terminated by an apse.

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  1. 1.  The Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus, 300170443. The J. Paul Getty Trust.