Area has been occupied for over 10,000 years; inhabited by Creek, Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw & other tribes when Europeans arrived in 18th cen.; settlers took over area from Amerindians after War of 1812; was Confederate state in Civil War.
One of 2 states not contiguous with others; presumably inhabited by earliest migrants to N America from Asia, from whom Tlingit and Tinneh Indians descended; was home to Eskimos and Aleuts from 8th mill. BCE; Russians arrived 18th cen.; bought by USA in 1867.