Second-level Administrative Subdivisions Places

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Oxfordshire
England, UK

Area covers most of Thames Valley; contains many Paleolithic and Neolithic artifacts; part of Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex and Mercia; ruled by Danes 10th-11th centuries; site of battles during English Civil War; area includes a portion of Berkshire since 1974.

Scottish Borders
UK

Unitary authority in southeastern Scotland, bordering England. Consists of former counties of Berwick, Peebles, Selkirk, Roxburgh and small portion of former Midlothian county; divided into districts of Tweedale, Ettrick, Lauderdale, Roxburgh, and Berwickshire; economy based on agriculture and textile production. Borders was renamed Scottish Borders in 1996; the boundaries of the two are identical. Newtown St. Boswells is the administrative center.

Cambridgeshire
England, UK

Comprises low ridges, plains and former islands; crossed by rivers Nene and the Great Ouse; noted for archaeological sites (prehistoric tracks), Saxon churches and the university buildings of Cambridge; produces beets, potatoes, and fruit for canning.

Cornwall
England, UK

Most remote of country's counties, it remained Celtic and Cornish language was spoken until late 19th century; inhabited since prehistoric times and important for tin, clay, and granite; an earldom under William the Conqueror 1066; it is the oldest duchy in England, created by Edward III in 1337 for his eldest son, Edward the Black Prince.