Dualistic Christian sect found in Armenia and the east of the Byzantine Empire in the seventh-eleventh centuries. The identity of the Paul after whom the Paulicians are named is disputed. Founded in the mid-seventh century by an Armenian named Constantine, the sect seems to have caused widespread political and military revolt.

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paulicianen Dutch
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Dualistic Christian sect founded in Armenia and eastern Byzantine Empire in the mid-7th century by an Armenian named Constantine. Other than a brief period when it found favor with the iconoclast emperors of the 8th and 9th centuries, the sect was persecuted and it consequently allied itself with Muslims. The sect was particularly influenced by the dualistic beliefs of Marcionism and of Manichaeism, which recognize an evil God and a good God with the former being the creator and ruler of this world and the latter of the world to come. While Paulicians honored the gospel according to St. Luke and the letters of St. Paul, they rejected the Old Testament, the letters of St. Peter, and the sacraments, worship, and hierarchy of the established church. The Paulicians influenced the 10th-century neo-Manichaean Bogomils. Small Paulician communities were found in the early 19th century in Russian-occupied areas of Armenia.

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  1. 1.  The Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus, 300264422. The J. Paul Getty Trust.