Windmills

A device for tapping the energy of the wind; it typically also refers to the building or structure supporting or housing the device. Characteristically, the device operates by means of a rotating shaft on which sails are mounted or placed at an angle so that the force of wind against them causes rotation, which in turn produced energy. Windmills were traditionally used chiefly in flat districts for operating a mill to grind grain, for pumping water, or for creating electricity.

Quick Facts

Go Historic ID
2870
Names
windmills
windmill
engines, wind
wind engines
windmolens Dutch
windmolen Dutch
molinos de viento Spanish
molino de viento Spanish
Child Topics

More Definitions

Buildings or devices with sails or vanes that turn in the wind and generate power. The devices operate by means of a rotating shaft on which sails are mounted or placed at an angle so that the force of wind against them causes rotation, which in turn produced energy. Windmills were historically used chiefly in flat districts for operating a mill to grind grain or pump water; the older and most characteristic European form consists of a conical mill-house with a dome or cap supporting four sails. Modern devices tap the wind to produce electricity by using a disk of sails mounted on a framework.

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Bibliography

  1. 1.  The Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus, 300006273. The J. Paul Getty Trust.