Mormon (LDS)

Religious belief systems practiced by any of several denominations and sects that base their beliefs on the Book of Mormon and the teachings and visionary experiences of Joseph Smith (1805-1844). The largest of the sects is the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Mormons believe that in 1822 the angel Moroni led Smith to gold tablets buried in 438 CE on a hill near Palmyra, New York. These tablets were inscribed with the Book of Mormon, which Smith translated.

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Refers to the religious belief systems practiced by any of several denominations and sects that base their beliefs on the Book of Mormon and the teachings and visionary experiences of Joseph Smith (1805-1844). The largest of the sects is the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Mormons believe that in 1822 the angel Moroni led Smith to gold tablets buried in 438 CE on a hill near Palmyra, New York. These tablets were inscribed with the Book of Mormon, which Smith translated. The Book of Mormon is an account of certain tribes of Israel that migrated to America before the birth of Christ; it also tells of a post-resurrection appearance of Christ in America. The authenticity of the texts has been questioned for a number of reasons, but it is not disputed by Mormons. Mormon doctrine is also derived from the King James Version of the Bible although Mormonism is very divergent from Christian doctrine. Perhaps most notably, Mormonism holds that the Trinity is three distinct beings. Mormons believe that Christian churches have apostasized but true Christianity has been restored by Smith. Mormonism contends that spiritual perfection or godhood can be attained through a process of spiritual evolution and daily practical guidance. Entry to Christ's kingdom is attained through repentance and baptism by immersion. Mormons believe in the coming of a millennium when Christ will rule from Jerusalem and Independence, Missouri. Mormonism is often associated with ideas such as collective ownership, tithing, polygamy (later abandoned), strong conformity, heavy church activism, and proselytization.

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Bibliography

  1. 1.  The Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus, 300196541. The J. Paul Getty Trust.