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Montana
USA

Inhabited by Blackfoot, Sioux, Shoshone, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Flathead & others when French arrived 18th cen.; part came to USA in Louisiana Purchase 1803, conflict with Britain over N border settled in 1846; great influx of settlers came after Civil War.

Missouri
USA

Inhabited by Osage and Missouri Indians when French arrived in 17th cen.; area went to Spain in 1762, back to France and then sold to USA in Louisiana Purchase of 1803; was a slave state, but did not secede from the Union in the Civil War.

Mississippi
USA

Inhabited by Chickasaws, Choctaws, and Natchez when Spanish and French arrived 16th-17th centuries; went to England after French and Indian War in 1763, but occupied by Spain in American Revolution; was slave state, suffered much damage in Civil War.

Minnesota
USA

Inhabited in Pleistocene epoch (18,000 BCE); major groups were Ojibwa and Sioux when French fur traders arrived in 17th cen.; made of sections from Louisiana Purchase & NW Territory; supported Union in Civil War; homesteaded by Scandinavians in 1880s.

Michigan
USA

Inhabited by Ojibwa, Ottawa, Potawatomi and others when French arrived in 18th cen.; taken by England in 1760s, by USA in Revolution and again in War of 1812; most Amerindians were forced west in 19th cen.; pro-Union in Civil War, noted for African regiment.

Massachusetts
USA

Settled by Amerindians by 2nd mill. BCE; Norsemen may have landed here in 1003; Europeans fished here in 16th cen.; Plymouth Colony established by English in 1620; played key role in Revolution; was intellectual center of nation until mid-19th cen.

Maryland
USA

Occupied by roving hunters by ca. 8000 BC, later was home to agrarian cultures; Algonquian-speakers, at war with Iroquois to N, lived here when Europeans settled in 17th cen.; fought in Revolution; state had split loyalties in Civil War.

Maine
USA

Red Paint people settled here as early as 9th mill. BCE; later Algonquians arrived; Norsemen possibly visited in 11th cen.; colonies established by French in 1604 and English in 1607; fought in Revolution & with Union; Canadian border disputed in 19th cen.

Louisiana
USA

Occupied by 14,000 BC; Chitimacha, Biloxi, Atakapa and others lived here when Spanish and French settled in 16th-17th cen.; French brought in many slaves; was in Louisiana Purchase; was split between Union & Confederate forces early in Civil War.

Kentucky
USA

Inhabited by early Mound Builders; was hunting ground for Shawnee, Cherokee and others when Europeans settled here in 18th cen.; infamous for bloody battles with Amerindians when pioneers moved through on way west; was divided by slavery during Civil War.

Kansas
USA

Had agricultural culture by 1200; inhabited by Kansa, Wichita, Pawnee & others when Spanish & French visited 17th-18th cen.; part of Louisiana Purchase 1803; tribes from N & E were forced here 19th cen.; had internal strife over slavery, fought for Union.

Iowa
USA

Inhabited by prehistoric Mound Builders; Iowa, Sac, Fox, Sioux and others were here when French arrived in 17th cen.; part of Louisiana Purchase of 1803; settlers displaced Amerindians by mid-19th cen.; fought for Union & aided escaping slaves in Civil War.