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Wyoming
USA

Inhabited before 9,000 BCE; home to Crow, Ute, Bannock, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa and Dakota in modern times, only Shoshoni and Arapaho survived by 1890s; most Europeans arrived 19th cen.; area came to USA with Louisiana Purchase and after Mexican War.

Wisconsin
USA

Inhabited by Ojibwa (Chippewa), Sauk, Fox, Kickapoo, Winnebago and others when French arrived from Canada in 17th cen.; went to British in 1763, to USA after Revolution; large influx of Europeans occurred in 1820s; supported Union in Civil War.

West Virginia
USA

Inhabited by mammoth-hunters 12,000 BCE, by Archaic People 9,000 BCE and Mound Builders ca. 500 BCE, then Fort Ancient people; Iroquois League dominated by 1650; Europeans settled in 17th-18th cen.; invaded by British during Revolution; pro-Union in Civil War.

Washington
USA

Inhabited by many groups of NW Coast Indians and North American Plateau Indians when European and American fur traders and Protestant missionaries arrived in 18th-19th cen.; N border was agreed upon by Britain (Canada) and the USA in 1846.

Virginia
USA

Inhabited by Tutelo Indians, Powhatan, Conoy & others; English settled here in early 17th cen., had white & black indentured servants, later employed slaves; fought in American Revolution; joined Confederacy & was site of bloody battles in Civil War.

Vermont
USA

Originally inhabited by Amerindian hunters; settled by French in 17th cen., by Dutch in 1724, by British after 1763; fought for independence from New Hampshire & New York, then in Revolution; saw only Confederate attack N of Pennsylvania in Civil War.

Utah
USA

Inhabited by 10,000 BCE; Anasazi culture arrived from SW ca. 400 CE; Shoshoni (including Southern Paiute, Gosiute & Ute) lived here when Spanish arrived 16th-18th cen.; European-Americans arrived in 19th cen.; went USA in 1848 after the Mexican War.

Texas
USA

Possibly inhabited by 35,000 BCE; later had hunting and agrarian cultures; formed loose Caddo confederacies; Spanish and French settled here 16th-18th centuries; European-Americans came in 19th century; territorial conflict with Mexico 1830s; Confederate in Civil War.

Tennessee
USA

Inhabited by Mound Builders; later was home to Cherokee, Chickasaw, Shawnee and Creek tribes; visited by Spanish & French 16th-17th cen.; Virginians & North Carolinians settled here 18th cen.; joined Confederacy in 1861, site of bloody battles in Civil War.

South Dakota
USA

Inhabited mainly by agrarian Arikara and nomadic Sioux when French and Spanish came in 18th cen.; part of Louisiana Purchase of 1803; homesteaded by Germans, Scandinavians & Russians in mid-19th cen.; gold rush precipitated infamous Indian Wars late 19th cen.

South Carolina
USA

Inhabited by Cusabo, Creek, Congaree and others when Spanish, French & English arrived 16-17th cen.; Europeans penetrated inland in 18th cen.; strongly supported the American Revolution; was slave state, the first to join Confederacy in 1860 in Civil War.

Rhode Island
USA

First European settlements were established by English colonists banished from Massachusetts in 1630s; attracted diverse population, including Quakers and Jews; fought in Revolution; long resisted ratification of the Constitution; was strongly pro-Union.