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Minnesota
USA

Inhabited in Pleistocene epoch (18,000 BCE); major groups were Ojibwa and Sioux when French fur traders arrived in 17th cen.; made of sections from Louisiana Purchase & NW Territory; supported Union in Civil War; homesteaded by Scandinavians in 1880s.

Massachusetts
USA

Settled by Amerindians by 2nd mill. BCE; Norsemen may have landed here in 1003; Europeans fished here in 16th cen.; Plymouth Colony established by English in 1620; played key role in Revolution; was intellectual center of nation until mid-19th cen.

Maryland
USA

Occupied by roving hunters by ca. 8000 BC, later was home to agrarian cultures; Algonquian-speakers, at war with Iroquois to N, lived here when Europeans settled in 17th cen.; fought in Revolution; state had split loyalties in Civil War.

Wyoming
USA

Inhabited before 9,000 BCE; home to Crow, Ute, Bannock, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa and Dakota in modern times, only Shoshoni and Arapaho survived by 1890s; most Europeans arrived 19th cen.; area came to USA with Louisiana Purchase and after Mexican War.

Illinois
USA

Inhabited by 8000 BCE; Mississippian people flourished ca. 1300 CE; had largest pre-Columbian community N of Mexico; various Algonquian tribes were here when French & English settled 17-18th centuries; went to USA in 1778 in Revolution; pro-Union in Civil War.

Idaho
USA

Inhabited by 8000 BC; Kutenai, Coeur d'Alene, Nez Percé, Paiute, Shoshoni & others were here when influx of settlers from E destroyed buffalo herds in 19th cen.; conflict with Britain over N border 1840s; received Confederate refugees after Civil War.

Arkansas
USA

Area was home to Bluff Dwellers by 500 BCE, later to Mound Builders; Caddo, Quapaw, and others lived here when European fur traders arrived in 17th century; in Louisiana Purchase of 1803; was slave state, but only reluctantly joined Confederacy in Civil War.

California
USA

Inhabited by many ethnic nationalities including Mojave, Yuma and Chumash when Spanish arrived in 16th cen.; Franciscans established missions all along coast; went to Mexico in 1820s; went to US in 1848; great influx of settlers from E arrived in gold rush.

Oklahoma
USA

Had Clovis and Folsom cultures 13,000 BCE; other advanced cultures thrived 500-1300 CE; Wichita, Osage, Kiowa, Comanche, Apache and others were here when Spanish & French came 16-18th cen.; in Louisiana Purchase; tribes from N and E were forced here in 19th cen.

OregonOregon
USA

Oregon is a state on the west coast of the United States. It became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Oregon's largest city is Portland and its capital is Salem.

Utah
USA

Inhabited by 10,000 BCE; Anasazi culture arrived from SW ca. 400 CE; Shoshoni (including Southern Paiute, Gosiute & Ute) lived here when Spanish arrived 16th-18th cen.; European-Americans arrived in 19th cen.; went USA in 1848 after the Mexican War.