Peru Historic Sites and Landmarks

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Machu PicchuMachu Picchu
Peru

This well-preserved ancient ceremonial site high on a mountain ridge in Peru contains the ruins of a large Inca palace, temples and other buildings.

Nazca LinesNazca Lines
Peru

A high plateau in southern Peru is home to the remarkable Nazca Lines - giant earth drawings of a hummingbird, monkey, spider, lizard, and other shapes created between 200 BCE and 600 CE.

La Compañía de JesúsLa Compañía de Jesús
Cuzco, Peru

The elegant Church of the Society of Jesus rivals Cusco's cathedral in grandeur. Like the cathedral, it was also built on the site of an important ancient palace, that of the Inca Huayna Cpac.

Cusco CathedralCusco Cathedral
Cuzco, Peru

This Baroque cathedral was built on the foundations of the palace of the Inca Wirachocha. Construction began in 1550, using stones looted from the hillside Sacsayhuaman fortress, and completed a centu

Arequipa CathedralArequipa Cathedral
Arequipa, Peru

Built in 1656 and reconstructed after an 1868 earthquake, Arequipa Cathedral is a fine example of Spanish colonial architecture and is especially notable for its immense size.

Lima Cathedral
Lima, Peru

Designed by Pizarro himself, this immense baroque cathedral also contains the conqueror's tomb.

Koricancha and Santo Domingo
Cuzco, Peru

The combined sacred sites of Koricancha and Santo Domingo vividly illustrate ancient Andean culture's collision with Western Europe. The extraordinarily crafted Temple of the Sun at Koricancha was the most sumptuous temple in the Inca Empire.

Museo Inka
Cuzco, Peru

The main draw of this archaeological museum is its collection of Inca mummies. The museum is housed in a splendid colonial mansion, which was built over an Inca palace.

SaxahuamanSaxahuaman
Cuzco, Peru

Located on the northern outskirts of Cusco, this huge walled complex was built by the Inca in the 15th century.

Iglesia de San FranciscoIglesia de San Francisco
Lima, Peru

Built in 1674, this Franciscan church is considered the finest example of the "Lima Baroque" style of architecture. Inside are Mudejar ceilings, an antique library, and catacombs containing

San Blas Church
Cuzco, Peru

This simple adobe church contains an ornate 17th-century pulpit considered one of the jewels of colonial art in the Americas. It is hewn from a single tree trunk and dominated by the triumphant figure

Puka PukaraPuka Pukara
Cuzco, Peru

This Incan site made of pink stone occupies a site with fine views over the Sacred Valley. Its original purpose is uncertain: it may have been a fortress, hunting lodge, storage site, or all of the above.