Peru

Area was inhabited by 8000 BCE; advanced cultures existed by 13th century; seat of Incan empire established ca. 1230, conquest of neighbors began in 1438; Spanish arrived in 1524, invaded Incan area and killed king; area remained loyal to Spain into the 19th century; official languages are Spanish and Quechua, though Aymará is also spoken.

Quick Facts on Peru

Go Historic ID
36724
Names
Peru
Location
Population
32,201,224 (#45 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Spanish (official) 82.9%, Quechua (official) 13.6%, Aymara (official) 1.6%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.8%, other (includes foreign languages and sign language) 0.2%, none .1%, unspecified .7% (2017 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 60.2%, Amerindian 25.8%, White 5.9%, African descent 3.6%, other (includes Chinese and Japanese descent) 1.2%, unspecified 3.3% (2017 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 60%, Christian 14.6% (includes evangelical 11.1%, other 3.5%), other .3%, none 4%, unspecified 21.1% (2017 est.)