Norway

Area inhabited by 5000 BCE; new migrants arrived 3000 BCE; contact with Roman-occupied Gaul 1st century; ruled by chieftans from 4th century, states established 9th century; Vikings colonized Greenland and North America 9-11th centuries; joined with Sweden and Denmark 1389-1814; official language is Norwegian, which is in use in 2 forms, Bokmål Norwegian, and Nynorsk Norwegian.

Quick Facts on Norway

Go Historic ID
36718
Names
Norway
Location
Population
5,509,591 (#117 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
Ethnic Groups
Norwegian 83.2% (includes about 60,000 Sami), other European 8.3%, other 8.5% (2017 est.)
Religions
Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 70.6%, Muslim 3.2%, Roman Catholic 3%, other Christian 3.7%, other 2.5%, unspecified 17% (2016 est.)