Jordan Historic Sites and Landmarks

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Um El ResasUm El Resas

This important archaeological site was declared a World Heritage Site in 2004. Its structures date from the 3rd to 9th centuries and most have not yet been excavated, but magnificent Byzantine mosaics


The area known as Wadi Kharrar has long been believed to be the biblical Bethany-beyond-the-Jordan, where John the Baptist lived and Jesus was baptized.

Madaba Mosaic ChurchMadaba Mosaic Church
Madaba, Jordan

Located 25km southwest of Amman, Madaba is famous for the many Byzantine mosaics uncovered here. The most famous is the 6th-century "Madaba Map" of the Holy Land in St. George's Church.


Dubbed the "Pompeii of the East," Jerash is a ruined Greco-Roman city 80 miles north of Amman. The impressive ruins include Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and ancient Islamic structures.

Petra, Jordan

Believed by the Bedouin to contain a pharaoh's treasure and named accordingly, the Treasury of Petra is a beautiful Nabatean temple carved entirely out of living rock.

Moses Memorial ChurchMoses Memorial Church

Mt. Nebo is believed to be the mountain from which Moses viewed the Promised Land and the mountain on which he is buried. It is an important Christian pilgrimage site.

The MonasteryThe Monastery
Petra, Jordan

Misleadingly named based on crosses scratched on the wall, this beautiful rock-carved structure is not a monastery but a Nabatean temple, built around the 1st century BCE.

Kerak CastleKerak Castle

Perched atop a hill with a sheer drop on three sides, the town of Kerak is dominated by the largest and best-preserved of the Crusader castles in the region.

Shobak Castle

Shobak Castle is an early 12th-century Crusader castle perched on the side of a rocky, conical mountain 4,265 ft above sea level, looking out over fruit trees below.

Great TempleGreat Temple
Petra, Jordan

This temple ruin in the city center is one of the largest structures in Petra. It was built in the late 1st century BC and is still being excavated.

Byzantine ChurchByzantine Church
Petra, Jordan

Among Petra's ancient temples is a Byzantine church dating from the 5th and 6th centuries. Still being excavated, Petra Church contains some extraordinary Byzantine mosaics.

High Place of SacrificeHigh Place of Sacrifice
Petra, Jordan

This is one of the most accessible high points in Petra. Here a platform served as a venue for religious ceremonies and an altar held sacrifices of incense, libations - and perhaps children.