India Historic Sites and Landmarks

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Taj MahalTaj Mahal
Āgra, India

The finest example of Mughal architecture and one of the most beautiful buildings in the world, the Taj Mahal was constructed by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, who died in childbirth in 1531.

Golden Temple of AmritsarGolden Temple of Amritsar
Amritsar, India

The holiest site in Sikhism, the Golden Temple seems to float on the water. It enshrines the holy book, Guru Granth Sahib, which is venerated by pilgrims throughout the day and put to bed at night.

Ellora CavesEllora Caves

The Ellora Caves are a magnificent complex of 34 Buddhist, Hindu and Jain temples extending over more than 2 kilometers in central India.

Ajanta CavesAjanta Caves
Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India

A series of 29 Buddhist cave temples dating from as early as the 2nd century BC, the Ajanta Caves contain some of the greatest masterpieces of Buddhist art in India.

Gandhi SmritiGandhi Smriti
New Delhi, India

Gandhi spent the last 144 days of his life in this house and was assassinated outside on January 30, 1948. Now a museum dedicated to Gandhi's memory, it includes the room where he stayed, personal memorabilia, and a monument at the site of his death.

Qutb MinarQutb Minar
New Delhi, India

Rising 237 feet above a ruined mosque complex, this early Indo-Islamic tower is the tallest brick minaret in the world. It has a unique fluted design and is decorated with intricate reliefs and verses from the Quran. Begun around 1198, it is thought to be based on models in Afghanistan.

Konarak Sun Temple

This 13th-century Hindu temple dedicated to the sun god is shaped like a giant chariot. It is best known for the exquisite stone carvings that cover the entire structure.

Mahabodhi Temple
Bodhgaya, India

This sacred stupa marks the site of the Buddha's enlightenment and is the main destination for Buddhist pilgrims. The temple dates from the 2nd century AD but has been restored over the years.


The Bodhi Tree in Bodhgaya is a descendant of the tree under which Siddharta Gautama attained enlightenment after 49 days of meditation and became the "Enlightened One."

Elephanta Caves

This complex of cave temples on Elephanta Island, an hour-long ferry ride from Mumbai, were carved in honor of Shiva in the 7th century.


One of the four major sites in the Chota Char Dham pilgrimage of the Northern Himalayas, Kedarnath is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Shiva.

Jama MasjidJama Masjid
Old Delhi, India

Completed in 1656, this magnificent mosque is the largest in India. Commissioned by the emperor who built the Taj Mahal, it is a fine example of Mughal architecture.