Chile

Pre-Spanish inhabitants were nomadic tribes including Diaguita, Picunche, Pehunche, Huilliche and Cunco, dominated by the Araucanians; Spanish penetration began in 1536, but attempt to conquer Araucano continued through 19th century; Basques arrived 18th century; official language is Spanish.

Quick Facts on Chile

Go Historic ID
36601
Names
Chile
Location
Population
18,307,925 (#66 in world) (2021 est.)
Languages
Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2% (2012 est.)
Ethnic Groups
White and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witness 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)