The largest cathedral in Puglia, Bitonto Cathedral offers imposing Romanesque architecture, carved portals and corbels, a marble pulpit, a griffin floor mosaic, a fine crypt and extensive archaeological excavations.
Shrine of Padre Pio
Located in southern Italy, this is the second-most visited Catholic shrine in the world. It centers on the tomb of St. Padre Pio of Pietrelcina, a Capuchin friar, priest and mystic known for his devotion.
Nestled in the historic center of a hilltop town in Puglia, Troia Cathedral was begun in 1093 and combines Puglian Romanesque with Byzantine and Muslim influences.
Early Christian Catacombs
Basilica di San Clemente
This lovely 12th-century basilica stands over two previous sacred buildings: a church built in 392 and a 2nd-century Mithraic cave temple.
Built in 80 CE to host gladiatorial combats and other entertainment, the Colosseum was the largest amphitheatre in the Roman world. Although much damaged and plundered over the centuries, it remains an imposing presence in the heart of Rome.
Temple of Romulus
This magnificent ancient temple was built by Emperor Hadrian in 125 and converted into a church in 609. It is the oldest intact ancient building in Rome.
Basilica di Santa Maria sopra Minerva
Said to be Rome's only Gothic church, this 13th-century basilica was built over a temple to Minerva. It contains many art treasures and the venerated tomb of St. Catherine of Siena.
San Pietro in Montorio
On this ancient bridge over the Tiber River in 312 CE, Constantine the Great defeated Maxentius to become the sole Roman emperor of the West. Blown up in 1849 and rebuilt the following year, the Milvian Bridge now carries only pedestrians across the river.
St. Peter's Basilica
St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City is the world headquarters of Roman Catholicism and one of the largest churches in the world. Founded by Constantine the Great in 324, it stands over the tomb of Saint Peter the Apostle.
Court Square Historic District
Basilica di San Francesco
Housing the tomb of St. Francis and filled with spectacular medieval frescoes by Giotto, this church is Assisi's crowning glory. It is a major place of pilgrimage for St. Francis devotees and art lovers alike.
Oratorio di Santa Cita
Built in the 16th century in gratitude for the Virgin Mary's intervention at the Battle of Lepanto (1571) against the Turks, this oratory features a magnificent stucco relief of the battle by Giacomo
Housed in a former monastery, Palermo's Regional Archaeological Museum is one of the grandest archaeological museums in Italy. It is stuffed with artifacts from prehistoric times to the Roman era.
An impressive example of Sicilian Baroque, the 17th- and 18th-century interior of Santa Caterina overwhelms the senses with colors, textures, sculpture and marble inlay.
In 1184, Palermo's archbishop founded this cathedral on the site of a mosque, which had itself been built over an early Christian church.