Quick Facts on Trier Cathedral
- Short URL
- Dom St Peter Dom zu Trier Trier Cathedral Trierer Dom
- Domfreihof Rhineland-Palatinate54290
- Main date(s)
- 49.756221° N,
- Opening hours
- Apr-Oct daily 6am-6pm; Nov-Mar daily 6am-4:30pm
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- Constantine the Great begins construction on Trier Cathedral on the site of his mother Helena's imperial palace. Four times larger than the present cathedral, it occupies the site of the present cathedral, the Leibfrauenkirche, Cathedral Square, the adjoining garden, and houses almost up to the Markt.
- The surviving part of the 4th-century Trier Cathedral is renovated and expanded in the Romanesque style.
- The Holy Robe of Christ, along with other important relics said to have been brought by St. Helena from the Holy Land, is discovered in the high altar of Trier Cathedral. The Robe is put on public display for 23 days, during which more than 100,000 pilgrims come to venerate it.
- A wooden balcony is built on the west front of Trier Cathedral for displaying the Holy Robe and other relics discovered the previous year.
- The Holy Robe relic is sealed in a shrine in its own chapel in Trier Cathedral, where it remains today.
Description of Trier Cathedral
The cathedral's interior combines a Romanesque structure with baroque decoration and Gothic vaulting and archways. It is laid out as a triple-nave, two-choir basilica with a transept and six towers.
Portions of Constantine's church can be seen in a central section, with the original walls rising up to a height of 26 m (86 ft). Just outside a door on the south side of the church is a huge piece of a granite column from Constantine's church.
Over the south door (on the inside) is a magnificent Romanesque tympanum depicting Christ between the Virgin and St. Peter. Other outstanding artworks include the tomb of the papal envoy Ivo (1144) in the south aisle, which has Romanesque carvings of a dragon-like creature and a human head peeking out, and the tomb altar of Archbishop Richard von Greifenclau (1531).
For pilgrims to Trier, the cathedral's central attraction is the Holy Robe (Der Heilige Rock) of Christ. The relic is enshrined in a reliquary housed in the baroque Chapel of the Holy Robe, located behind the altar. You can just get a glimpse of the large shrine, and much of the splendid Chapel remains hidden as well.
Another important relic is the Holy Nail, believed to be one of those used in the Crucifixion; it is on display in the Treasury. The Trier Cathedral Treasury (Schatzkammer), located on the south side of the choir near the Holy Robe, contains many important works of art. Among the exhibits are chalices, bishops' treasures, and the 10th-century St. Andrew's Altar, an unusual portable altar covered with gold and ivory.
October 8, 2011
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