Ruins of the Church of Mary
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Quick Facts

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Church of Mary
37.944993° N, 27.339274° E
main dates
500 constructed

Timeline of the Church of Mary

Essays on the Church of Mary

  • Overview

    by Holly Hayes
    October 27, 2011

    The Church of the Virgin in Ephesus was a classic rectangular basilica enclosed by rows of columns 260 meters long from the Roman stoa, with lateral walls added between them around the year 500. Entrance was through a large atrium, paved with marble slabs from other buildings in the city, and a narthex, paved with geometric mosaics. The walls were decorated with crosses and metal rosettes. The well-preserved baptismal pool can still be seen on the north side of the church, and it is the best preserved of any in Anatolia. continue reading →

  • The Church of Mary and the Council of Ephesus

    by Holly Hayes
    October 27, 2011

    A great ecumenical council was held in Ephesus in 431, concerning whether the Virgin Mary might properly be called Theotokos, or bearer of God. The term had become popular in devotion and worship but was controversial. The council decided in favor of the Theotokos title, which has been used for Mary ever since. Recent excavations indicate that the Church of Mary was built into the south stoa (portico) of the great Olympieion (Temple to Hadrian Olympios), whose foundations can be still be seen to the north of the church. The Olympieion was a large temple precinct built c. continue reading →

Blog Posts on the Church of Mary

Article Info

Submitted by
Holly Hayes
October 8, 2013
Last updated
July 11, 2014

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