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Temple of Saturn
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Quick Facts on the Temple of Saturn

Short URL
gohist.co/s/318289
Names
Temple of Saturn Temple of Saturn, Rome
Address
Rome, Lazio
Location
Rome  locality
Province of Rome  province
Lazio  region
Italy  country
Europe  continent
Main date(s)
c. 497 BCE
Coordinates
41.892538° N, 12.484186° E
Opening hours
See Roman Forum
Admission
See Roman Forum

Historical Timeline of the Temple of Saturn

Description of the Temple of Saturn

The Temple of Saturn stands at the west end of the Imperial Forum at the foot of the Capitoline Hill. It now consists primarily of eight columns of the pronaos, or porch, standing on travertine blocks. Some of the substructure below the temple stairs can be seen; this may have been where the treasury was housed.

The columns are all Egyptian granite: the front six in a grey color from Mons Claudianus, the two side ones in a pink granite from Aswan. Only three of them are true monoliths; the remainder were made of two pieces joined together. The Ionic capitals were carved of white Thasian marble for the 4th-century restoration.

The architrave with its frieze of acanthus leaves has been dated to about 30 BCE; it was most likely salvaged from the restored temple begun in 42 BCE. Four of the column bases also date from this period. Of the remaining four, two were made in the 4th century and the other two are spoils from two different buildings.

The inscription on the architrave, added for the restoration of 360-80, reads:

SENATUS POPULUSQUE ROMANUS / INCENDIO CONSUMPTUM RESTITUIT
Destroyed by fire; restored by the Senate and people of Rome.

Holly Hayes
October 27, 2011

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