The Holy Mosque Mecca, Saudi Arabia
16th C, 20th C
The holiest mosque in the world, the Haram Mosque has been much expanded from its original 7th-century form. Today it can accommodate up to 820,000 worshippers in air-conditioned comfort.
Kaaba Mecca, Saudi Arabia
630 (dedication); rebuilt 692 and 1629
The Ka'ba is believed to have been built by Abraham and his son Ishmael. Enshrining a sacred stone, it is said to be first place on earth that was created. It is the directional focus of Muslim prayers worldwide.
Prophet's Mosque Medina, Saudi Arabia
This huge mosque stands over the site of the Prophet Muhammad's house and tomb and is the second holiest mosque in the world after al-Haram in Mecca.
Quba Mosque Medina, Saudi Arabia
The Quba Mosque in Medina stands on the site of the oldest mosque in the world, built by the Prophet Muhammad during the Hijra.