Aphrodisias

Tetrapylon
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Aphrodisias is one of the oldest sacred sites in Turkey, dedicated first to the ancient Mother Goddess and later to the Greek goddess Aphrodite.

Go Historic ID
319572
Short URL
gohist.co/319572
Names
Aphrodisias
Address

Turkey
Location
Coordinates
37.708151° N, 28.724302° E
Phone
0256/448 8086
Date Published
October 8, 2013
Last Updated
April 11, 2015

Timeline

  • First signs of occupation at the site later known as Aphrodisias.

  • A fertility shrine in southwest Turkey is known as "Aphrodisias" by this time, indicating its dedication to the Greek goddess Aphrodite. The cult of Aphrodite at Aphrodisias is distinctive, reflecting the goddess' ancient origins and commonalities with other Anatolian deities (such as Artemis of Ephesus) while also bringing in familiar Greco-Roman motifs that make her universal.

  • Construction of the Temple of Aphrodite

    Construction of the Temple of Aphrodite at Aphrodisias.

  • After defeating Mithridates VI, king of Pontus, the Roman dictator Sulla sends gifts to Aphrodisias to reward its unwavering loyalty to the the Romans during the conflict. The shrine city begins to prosper.

  • Octavian (later known as Augustus) grants Aphrodisias the privileges of autonomy and tax-free status, declaring it to be "the one city from all of Asia that I have selected to be my own."

  • Archaeological excavations begin at Aphrodisias, which gradually reveal a theater, odeon, basilica, market, houses, baths, monumental gateway, and sanctuary for worship of the Roman emperor.

  • Aphrodisias is sacked by the Parthians.

Resources

  1. Aphrodisias New York University.