St. Maria im Kapitol, Cologne

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Built over the site of a Roman temple, the plan of this 11th-century church echoes that of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. Notable artworks inside include a unique carved wooden door and a wooden crucifix.

Go Historic ID
319168
Short URL
gohist.co/319168
Names
St. Maria im Kapitol
Categories
Materials
Affiliations
Heritage Lists
Address
Kasinostrasse 6
Cologne, Germany
50676
Postcode
50676
Coordinates
50.934600° N, 6.958380° E
Phone
(0221) 214615
Date Published
October 8, 2013
Last Updated
April 11, 2015

Timeline

710

The first version of St. Maria im Kapitol is constructed in Cologne on the site of a temple dedicated to the Capitoline Triad. Sponsored by Plektrudis (d. 717), it no longer survives but seems to have been a long hall church with rectangular foundations, probably incorporating remnants of the temple...

55

Shortly after Cologne (Colonia) becomes a Roman city, a Roman temple is built to the Capitoline Triad: Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. The temple was roughly square-shaped, 30m on a side, and had three cella. It has been replaced by the church of St. Maria im Kapitol, but some of the foundations survive today.

965
Death of Archbishop Bruno I of Cologne

Death of Archbishop Bruno I of Cologne, youngest brother of Emperor Otto the Grea. In his will, Bruno donates 100 pounds of silver and other gifts to the Church of St. Maria im Kapitol "for the completion of the monastery and cloisters" - referring to a Benedictine convent that had been added to the church at an unknown date...

1045

In Cologne, construction begins on the present form of St. Maria im Kapitol. The work is sponsored by Abbess Ida (d. 1060), granddaughter of Otto II and Theophanu. Incorporating the west wall and foundations of Bruno's church, the new building has a gallery in the west end, adopting the imperial design of the Palatine Chapel in Aachen.

1049

Pope Leo IX consecrates the altar of St. Maria im Kapitol, Cologne, in the presence of numerous bishops (72 according to tradition).

1065
Completion of St Maria im Kapitol

St. Maria im Kapitol is completed and consecrated by Archbishop Anno II.

1150

Renovation of St. Maria im Kapitol in Cologne. The upper walls of the north and south apse are rebuilt, a dome is added over the transept crossing, and a porch is added to the south apse.

1175

The upper parts of the west towers are extended.

1464

Addition of the gate around the east apse.

January 25, 2008
December 19, 2007

Resources

  1. Official Website of St. Maria im Kapitol Official website.