Stonehenge, Wiltshire

View from West with Moon
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Built in several stages between about 3000 and 2000 BCE, Stonehenge is a circle of massive megaliths that weigh many tons, fit together perfectly, and are aligned with the stars.

Go Historic ID
318238
Short URL
gohist.co/318238
Names
Stonehenge
Materials
Periods
Styles
Affiliations
Address

Wiltshire, England
SP4 7DE
Postcode
SP4 7DE
Coordinates
51.178862° N, 1.825951° W
Phone
0870 333 1181
Date Published
October 8, 2013
Last Updated
April 11, 2015

Timeline

  • Construction of Stonehenge I

    Construction begins on the first version of Stonehenge (Stonehenge I), consisting of a bank-and-ditch earthwork, 56 shallow holes inside the circle, and two pairs of standing stones (including the surviving Slaughter Stone and two Station Stones).

  • Stonehenge I abandoned

    Stonehenge I is abandoned after being used for about 500 years. Work on Stonehenge II will not begin for another few centuries.

  • Construction of Stonehenge II

    Construction begins on the second version of Stonehenge, known as Stonehenge II. Granite stones known as bluestones are brought from the Preseli Mountains in South Wales, nearly 250 miles away, and arranged in a semicircle. The entrance is aligned with the midsummer sunrise and the processional Avenue is cleared.

  • Construction of Stonehenge III

    Construction of the final form of Stonehenge, known as Stonehenge III. A circle is constructed of upright sarsen stones, brought from Marlborough Downs 20 miles to the north, topped with stone lintels. Inside the circle, a horseshoe formation aligned with the midsummer sunrise is constructed using the same method.

  • About 20 bluestones from Stonehenge II are erected in a horseshoe shape inside the sarsen horseshoe in the center of Stonehenge III.

  • The Avenue near Stonehenge extended

    The Avenue at Stonehenge is extended all the way to the River Avon (over 9,000 feet away), indicating that the site is still in use.

Resources

  1. Solving Stonehenge: The Key to an Ancient Enigma
  2. Stonehenge Complete
  3. Stonehenge: A New Interpretation of Prehistoric Man and the Cosmos
  4. National Geographic: Stonehenge Decoded
  5. Official Website of Stonehenge English Heritage. Official source.