Built in several stages between about 3000 and 2000 BCE, Stonehenge is a circle of massive megaliths that weigh many tons, fit together perfectly, and are aligned with the stars.
- Go Historic ID
- Go Historic URL
- Short URL
- SP4 7DE
- 51.178862° N, 1.825951° W
- 0870 333 1181
- Date Published
- October 8, 2013
- Last Updated
- April 11, 2015
Construction of Stonehenge I
Construction begins on the first version of Stonehenge (Stonehenge I), consisting of a bank-and-ditch earthwork, 56 shallow holes inside the circle, and two pairs of standing stones (including the surviving Slaughter Stone and two Station Stones).
Stonehenge I abandoned
Stonehenge I is abandoned after being used for about 500 years. Work on Stonehenge II will not begin for another few centuries.
Construction of Stonehenge II
Construction begins on the second version of Stonehenge, known as Stonehenge II. Granite stones known as bluestones are brought from the Preseli Mountains in South Wales, nearly 250 miles away, and arranged in a semicircle. The entrance is aligned with the midsummer sunrise and the processional Avenue is cleared.
Construction of Stonehenge III
Construction of the final form of Stonehenge, known as Stonehenge III. A circle is constructed of upright sarsen stones, brought from Marlborough Downs 20 miles to the north, topped with stone lintels. Inside the circle, a horseshoe formation aligned with the midsummer sunrise is constructed using the same method.
About 20 bluestones from Stonehenge II are erected in a horseshoe shape inside the sarsen horseshoe in the center of Stonehenge III.
The Avenue near Stonehenge extended
The Avenue at Stonehenge is extended all the way to the River Avon (over 9,000 feet away), indicating that the site is still in use.