Commissioned by Charlemagne in 786, this is the oldest cathedral in Northern Europe. A graceful Gothic choir was added to the Carolingian core in the 15th century. Inside are several major relics and early medieval artworks.
- Go Historic ID
- Go Historic URL
- Short URL
- Aachen Cathedral
- Klosterplatz 2
- 50.774612° N, 6.084114° E
- 0241 47 70 90
- Date Published
- October 8, 2013
- Last Updated
- April 11, 2015
Aachen Cathedral designated a World Heritage Site
Aachen Cathedral is designated a World Heritage Site.
Charlemagne commissions the Palatine Chapel
Charlemagne commissions the Palatine Chapel (palace chapel) in Aachen, which will later be incorporated into Aachen Cathedral.
Construction of Palatine Chapel
The Palatine Chapel is constructed in Aachen for Charlemagne. Designed by Odo of Metz, it has an octagonal plan based on San Vitale Basilica in Ravenna.
Charlemagne is buried in the choir of the Palatine Chapel
Charlemagne is buried in the choir of the Palatine Chapel, Aachen.
Emperor Otto III opens Charlemagne's tomb
Emperor Otto III opens Charlemagne's tomb vault in Aachen Cathedral. Reportedly, he finds the emperor well-preserved, seated on a marble throne, dressed in imperial robes, with his crown on his head, the Gospels lying open in his lap and his scepter in his hand.
Frederick Barbarossa transfers the remains of Charlemagne to a golden shrine
In Aachen, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa transfers the remains of Charlemagne to a carved sarcophagus made of Parian marble, said to have been the one in which Augustus Caesar was originally buried.
Frederick Barbarossa donates a large bronze chandelier to hang over the shrine of Charlemagne at Aachen
Frederick Barbarossa donates a large bronze chandelier to hang over the shrine of Charlemagne in Aachen Cathedral, where it can still be seen today.
Emperor Frederick II moves Charlemagne's bones to a splendid golden shrine, which is placed beneath the chandelier in the middle of the Palatine Chapel in Aachen.
Construction begins on the Gothic choir of Aachen Cathedral
Construction begins on the Gothic choir of Aachen Cathedral.
Consecration of the Glass Chapel in Aachen Cathedral
The Gothic Capella vitrea (Glass Chapel) of Aachen Cathedral is consecrated on the 600th anniversary of Charlemagne's death. The emperor's golden shrine is moved to the east end of the new chapel.
Restoration of Aachen Cathedral Dome
Major restoration work is undertaken on the dome of Aachen Cathedral.