Jesus of Nazareth (c. 4 BCE-30) Images

Detail of Christ returning on the clouds in the apse mosaic of Santi Cosma e Damiano, commissioned in 527 by Pope Felix IV. Rome, Italy. Credit: Holly Hayes. All Rights Reserved.


Image ID
7530
Title
Apse Mosaic: Christ
Date
November 9, 2010
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                            3 => Image {#1067
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                            4 => Image {#1057}
                            5 => Image {#1069
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                                "caption" => "Mosaic of the Ascension of Christ on the east facade, possibly by Berlinghiero Berlinghieri, 13th century, restored in 1853. Basilica di San Frediano, Lucca, Tuscany, Italy."
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                            6 => Image {#1071
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                                "caption" => "Detail of a perfectly preserved floor mosaic of a griffin dating from the 11th century. It is located in the ruins of a square building of unknown purpose (possibly a tower) on the west side of the early medieval basilica. It can now be seen through a glass panel in the nave and in the museum of excavations below. The griffin, which has the head and wings of an eagle and the body of a lion, was often used in Christian medieval art to symbolize the dual natures of Christ. Bitonto Cathedral, Puglia, Italy."
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                                "caption" => "Detail of a perfectly preserved floor mosaic of a griffin dating from the 11th century. It is located in the ruins of a square building of unknown purpose (possibly a tower) on the west side of the early medieval basilica. It can now be seen through a glass panel in the nave and in the museum of excavations below. The griffin, which has the head and wings of an eagle and the body of a lion, was often used in Christian medieval art to symbolize the dual natures of Christ. Bitonto Cathedral, Puglia, Italy."
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                            7 => Image {#1073
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                                "caption" => "Golden mosaic dated 1207 and signed by a certain Solsternus, depicting Christ between the Virgin Mary and Saint John. The Latin text on Christ's book reads, "I am the light of the world." West facade of Spoleto Cathedral, Umbria, Italy."
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                                "caption" => "Golden mosaic dated 1207 and signed by a certain Solsternus, depicting Christ between the Virgin Mary and Saint John. The Latin text on Christ's book reads, "I am the light of the world." West facade of Spoleto Cathedral, Umbria, Italy."
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                            8 => Image {#1075
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                                "caption" => "The apse mosaic dates from the 6th century and depicts two scenes that blend into each other. At the top is an interestingly symbolic depiction of the Transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-9, Mark 9:2-8, Luke 9:28-36). Christ is represented by a golden cross on a starry blue background, while the three apostles who were present at the Transfiguration - Peter, James and John - are represented by lambs. Flanking the cross against a backdrop of golden skies and sunset-tinged clouds are figurative depictions of Moses and Elijah, labeled with their names. The large cross is decorated with mosaic gems and  a bust of Christ in the center. It has a Latin inscription at its base reading SALVS MVNDI, "Salvation of the World" and a Greek inscription at the top: IXΘYC. This means "fish" in Greek and is also an acronym of the names of Christ: "Jesus Christ Son of God Savior." Below this scene is the namesake of the basilica,  labeled with the inscription SANCTVS APOLENARIS. He is shown in prayer, interceding on behalf of his flock who are represented below by lambs. This is the first known example of choosing a subject other than Christ in Majesty for the apse decoration. Around the saint  is a soft green backdrop populated with rocks, birds, and plants. Among the greenery are pine trees, which can still be seen growing outside the church."
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                            9 => Image {#1077
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                            10 => Image {#1079
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                            13 => Image {#1085
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                                "caption" => "Detail of mosaic on the right wall of the apse, depicting Empress Theodora - courtesan, actress, and wife of Justinian - with her court. Corresponding to Justinian's paten on the other wall, the empress holds the cup of communion. San Vitale Basilica, Ravenna, Italy."
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                                "caption" => "Detail of mosaic on the right wall of the apse, depicting Empress Theodora - courtesan, actress, and wife of Justinian - with her court. Corresponding to Justinian's paten on the other wall, the empress holds the cup of communion. San Vitale Basilica, Ravenna, Italy."
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                            14 => Image {#1087
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                                "caption" => "Moses removes his sandals when God speaks to him through the miraculously burning bush (Exodus 3), represented here by multiple small flames and the Hand of God descending from heaven. Detail of Byzantine mosaic on the right wall of the presbytery. San Vitale Basilica, Ravenna, Italy."
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                                "caption" => "Moses removes his sandals when God speaks to him through the miraculously burning bush (Exodus 3), represented here by multiple small flames and the Hand of God descending from heaven. Detail of Byzantine mosaic on the right wall of the presbytery. San Vitale Basilica, Ravenna, Italy."
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                            15 => Image {#1089
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                                "caption" => "Detail of mosaic on the left wall of the apse (c.547 AD) depicting Emperor Justinian (r. 527-65) and his entourage. Justinian was one of the most powerful Byzantine emperors and a great church-builder. He stands in the center of the mosaic, wearing imperial purple and holding a large gold paten, the plate on which the bread is placed for Mass. To his left is Maximian, Archbishop of Ravenna, holding a jeweled cross. Some of the other men hold objects as well, including a censer, an ornate book, and a soldier's shield displaying Christ's monogram, the Chi-Rho."
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                                "caption" => "Detail of mosaic on the left wall of the apse (c.547 AD) depicting Emperor Justinian (r. 527-65) and his entourage. Justinian was one of the most powerful Byzantine emperors and a great church-builder. He stands in the center of the mosaic, wearing imperial purple and holding a large gold paten, the plate on which the bread is placed for Mass. To his left is Maximian, Archbishop of Ravenna, holding a jeweled cross. Some of the other men hold objects as well, including a censer, an ornate book, and a soldier's shield displaying Christ's monogram, the Chi-Rho."
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                            16 => Image {#1091
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                            17 => Image {#1093
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                            18 => Image {#1095
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                            19 => Image {#1097
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                            20 => Image {#1099
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