Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) Timeline

15 Aug 1769

Birth of Napoleon

Apr 1791

Napoleon is appointed first lieutenant of the 4th regiment of artillery at Valence. He immediately joins the Jacobin Club, a debating society. Making speeches against nobles, monks, and bishops, he soon becomes the club's president.

Aug 1793

When the commander of the National Convention's artillery is wounded at Toulon, Napoleon Bonaparte takes over.

17 Dec 1793

Napoleon wounded by bayonet

22 Dec 1793

Napoleon Bonaparte is promoted to rank of Brigadier General at age 24

Feb 1794

Napoleon Bonaparte becomes commandant of the artillery in the French Army of Italy.

Aug 1794

After Robespierre falls from power in Paris, Napoleon is imprisoned for a month in Nice on charges of conspiracy and treason.

Apr 1795

Napoleon travels to Paris in an attempt to secure a prominent military post for himself. He is unsuccessful and considers working for the sultan of Turkey.

5 Oct 1795

Napoleon Bonaparte, second in command of the National Convention, defeats a major royalist revolt in Paris, saving the new Republic. Napoleon becomes commander of the Army of the Interior.

9 Mar 1796

Napoleon Bonaparte marries Joséphine Tascher de La Pagerie, the attractive Creole widow of a general guillotined during the Reign of Terror.

15 May 1796

Nice and Savoy officially annexed to France by the Austrians

Oct 1796

Napoleon creates the Cisalpine Republic by merging Modena and Reggio nell’Emilia with the papal states of Bologna and Ferrara.

4 Sep 1797

Napoleon sends General Pierre Augereau and troops to Paris to support coup d'état

17 Oct 1797

Treaty of Campo Formio

Feb 1798

Napoleon advises invasion of Egypt

10 Jun 1798

Napoleon takes Malta

1 Jul 1798

Napoleon takes Alexandria

1 Aug 1798

Nelson defeats Napoleon in Battle of the Nile

20 Mar 1799

French defeated by the Ottomans at the Siege of Acre

9 Nov 1799

A coup d'etat in Paris dissolves the Directory and sets up the Consulate

25 Dec 1799

The Constitution of the Year VIII grants sweeping powers to the first consul of the Consulate of France, Napoleon Bonaparte.

15 Jul 1801

Napoleon's Concordat with Pope

27 Mar 1802

Treaty of Amiens brings temporary peace during Napoleonic Wars

May 1803

Britain declares war on France

21 Mar 1804

The Napoleonic Code

28 May 1804

Napoleon proclaims the Empire of France

Dec 1804

Spain declares war on Britain

2 Dec 1804

Coronation of Napoleon

May 1805

Napoleon crowned King of Italy

21 Oct 1805

Admiral Nelson defeats Franco at the Battle of Trafalgar

13 Nov 1805

Napoleon invades Vienna

2 Dec 1805

Napoleon's greatest victory at Battle of Austerlitz

26 Dec 1805

Austria signs the Treaty of Pressburg

7 Jul 1807

Napoleon and Russian emperor Alexander I sign the Treaties of Tilsit

Sep 1808

Napoleon meets with Alexander I of Russia

14 Oct 1809

Treaty of Schoenbrunn

24 Jun 1812

Napoleon invades Russia

Sep 1812

Napoleon pursues Alexander I into Moscow, is forced to withdraw

19 Oct 1813

Napoleon's Grand Army suffers a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Leipzig (a.k.a. Battle of the Nations).

Mar 1814

Austria, Russia, Prussia, and Britain sign the Treaty of Chaumont against Napoleon

6 Apr 1814

Abdication of Napoleon

11 Apr 1814

Napoleon Exiled to Elba

20 Mar 1815

Napoleon arrives in Paris, where he regains power by association with the French Revolution.

16 Jun 1815

Napoleon defeats the Prussians at Ligny, Belgium.

18 Jun 1815

Battle of Waterloo

3 Jul 1815

In Rochefort, Napoleon tries to board a ship for the United States, but the British prevent any French vessels from leaving port.