Blenheim Palace

Blenheim Palace

This beautiful Baroque palace with extensive landscaped gardens is the birthplace of Winston Churchill and a World Heritage Site.

John Ward

Quick Facts

Go Historic ID
249996
Names
Blenheim Palace
Blenheim Palace Listed
Lists
World Heritage Site
Grade I listed building
listed building (England)
Categories
palace
garden, formal/landscaped
country houses
official residences
gardens
Styles
Baroque

Timeline

13 Aug 1704

John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlborough, leads Allied forces to victory over the French at Blindheim, a.k.a. Blenheim, during the Wars of the Spanish Succession. Marlborough personally receives the surrender of the French leader, Marshall Talland. I

1705

Construction begins at Blenheim Palace

1712

Work on Blenheim Palace comes to a temporary halt due to personal and political conflicts and a lack of funds.

1764

Capability Brown designs the famous English gardens at Blenheim Palace.

15 Apr 1874

Birth of Winston Churchill

27 Aug 1957

Blenheim Palace designated a Grade I listed building

National Heritage List for England Data

Blenheim Palace is listed on the National Heritage List for England with the following data. Some information may have become outdated since the date of listing. Text courtesy of Historic England. © Crown Copyright, reprinted under the Open Government License.

List Entry ID
1052912
Grade
I
Name
BLENHEIM PALACE
Location
BLENHEIM PALACE
Parish
Blenheim
District
West Oxfordshire
County
Oxfordshire
Grid Reference
SP 44046 16190

BLENHEIM SP41NW, SP4416 2/1, 8/1 Blenheim Palace 27/08/57 GV I Country house. 1706-29, by Sir John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor for the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough; carvings by Grinling Gibbons and interiors by Laguerre, Thornhill et. al. Limestone ashlar, with rusticated corner towers and details; lead roofs; stone stacks. House has 4 corner towers, and Great Court to north flanked by Stable Court to east and Kitchen Court to west. Baroque style. Two storeys. Sashes to all windows. North front has central 9-bay facade, articulated by giant order of Corinthian pilasters; 3-bay pedimented portico; carving of the Marlborough Arms in tympanum, figures of Britannia and chained slaves on pediment and centurions on parapet by Grinling Gibbons; huge cleft open pediment set behind portico, with clerestory windows to Hall ranged to rear. Quadrants, articulated by Doric engaged columns, link facade to corner towers which have banded rustication, arched windows and bracketed cornices; superstructure to each tower has curved flying buttresses and pinnacles of reversed fleurs-de-lys, piled-up cannon balls and ducal coronets. Colonnades, with engaged Doric columns and carved military achievements by Gibbons, are linked to 11 bay blocks: rusticated archways, in centre of each block and leading to Kitchen and Stable Courts, are flanked by banded Doric columns and surmounted by carvings of the Lion of England savaging the Cock of France. Clock towers behind each archway have interlocking pediments with ball finial...

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Bibliography

  1. Official Website of Blenheim Palace. Web. Accessed 1 Nov. 2016. <http://www.blenheimpalace.com/>
  2. “BLENHEIM PALACE.” The National Heritage List for England. Web. Accessed 8 Oct. 2013. <https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1052912>