This important archaeological site in eastern Syria has been called the "Pompeii of the Desert." Abandoned and filled with sand following a siege in 256, the ancient city contains the oldest surviving house-church and synagogue ever found.
- 230 CE
The house-church and synagogue of Dura Europos are constructed and decorated with murals.
Franz Cumont publishes the first archaeological reports on the site, identifying it as Dura-Europos. A temple is uncovered before renewed hostilities in the area close it to archaeology.
Excavations at Dura Europos
- Chi, Jennifer Y. (ed.), Sebastian Heath (ed.), and Glen Bowersock (introduction). Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos. Princeton University Press, 2011.
- Brody, Lisa R. (ed.) and Gail L. Hoffman (ed.). Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity. Mcmullen Museum Of Art, Boston College, 2011.
- Hopkins, Clark and Bernard Goldman (ed.). The Discovery of Dura-Europos. Yale University Press, 1979.
- James, Simon. Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy of Inscriptions and . Oxbow Books, 2010.
- Hopkins, Susan M.. My Dura-Europos: The Letters of Susan M. Hopkins, 1927-1935. Wayne State University Press, 2011.
- Kraeling, Carl H.. The Synagogue . .
- Weitzmann, Kurt. The Frescoes of the Dura Synagogue and Christian Art . Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1990.
- James, Simon. Excavations at Dura Europos: Final Report VII: Arms and Armour and other Military Equipment . .