Dura Europos

Dura Europos

This important archaeological site in eastern Syria has been called the "Pompeii of the Desert." Abandoned and filled with sand following a siege in 256, the ancient city contains the oldest surviving house-church and synagogue ever found.


230 CE

The house-church and synagogue of Dura Europos are constructed and decorated with murals.


Franz Cumont publishes the first archaeological reports on the site, identifying it as Dura-Europos. A temple is uncovered before renewed hostilities in the area close it to archaeology.


Excavations at Dura Europos


  1. Chi, Jennifer Y. (ed.), Sebastian Heath (ed.), and Glen Bowersock (introduction). Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos. Princeton University Press, 2011.
  2. Brody, Lisa R. (ed.) and Gail L. Hoffman (ed.). Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity. Mcmullen Museum Of Art, Boston College, 2011.
  3. Hopkins, Clark and Bernard Goldman (ed.). The Discovery of Dura-Europos. Yale University Press, 1979.
  4. James, Simon. Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy of Inscriptions and . Oxbow Books, 2010.
  5. Hopkins, Susan M.. My Dura-Europos: The Letters of Susan M. Hopkins, 1927-1935. Wayne State University Press, 2011.
  6. Kraeling, Carl H.. The Synagogue . .
  7. Weitzmann, Kurt. The Frescoes of the Dura Synagogue and Christian Art . Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1990.
  8. James, Simon. Excavations at Dura Europos: Final Report VII: Arms and Armour and other Military Equipment . .