- 303 BCE
Dura Europos Founded by Seleucids
- 150 BCE
Dura is rebuilt as a great Hellenistic city, with a rectangular grid of streets arranged around a large central agora. Its location on a major crossroads makes it a very cosmopolitan city, as evidenced by inscriptions in many languages and the religious b
- 165 CE
Romans capture Dura Europos
- 230 CE
The house-church and synagogue of Dura Europos are constructed and decorated with murals.
- 256 CE
A Sassanian siege brings the history of Dura to an end. In a last-ditch attempt to save the city, the synagogue is filled in to make a fortress, ensuring its preservation. Following the siege, the city is abandoned. It is soon covered in shifting sands an
Archaeological excavations are carried out by French and American teams.
- 30 Mar 1920
During the Arab rebellion in the aftermath of World War I, a British soldier digging a trench uncovers beautifully preserved frescoes. The American archeologist James Henry Breasted, then at Baghdad, is alerted.
Franz Cumont publishes the first archaeological reports on the site, identifying it as Dura-Europos. A temple is uncovered before renewed hostilities in the area close it to archaeology.
Excavations at Dura Europos
Excavations resume at Dura Europos.
- Chi, Jennifer Y. (ed.), Sebastian Heath (ed.), and Glen Bowersock (introduction). Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos. Princeton University Press, 2011.
- Brody, Lisa R. (ed.) and Gail L. Hoffman (ed.). Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity. Mcmullen Museum Of Art, Boston College, 2011.
- Hopkins, Clark and Bernard Goldman (ed.). The Discovery of Dura-Europos. Yale University Press, 1979.
- James, Simon. Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy of Inscriptions and . Oxbow Books, 2010.
- Hopkins, Susan M.. My Dura-Europos: The Letters of Susan M. Hopkins, 1927-1935. Wayne State University Press, 2011.
- Kraeling, Carl H.. The Synagogue . .
- Weitzmann, Kurt. The Frescoes of the Dura Synagogue and Christian Art . Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1990.
- James, Simon. Excavations at Dura Europos: Final Report VII: Arms and Armour and other Military Equipment . .