Oxwitzá

Oxwitzá

This important Mayan city flourished in the 6th century and now lies in ruins in western Belize near Guatemala. Hidden in the jungle until 1937 and still being excavated, it contains pyramids, tombs and Mayan art.

Russell Harrison

Quick Facts

Go Historic ID
249549
Names
Caracol
Caracol Archaeological Reserve
Oxwitzá
Categories
archaeological site
temple
ruined settlement
religious building
Styles
Mayan

Timeline

900 BCE

Earliest known human presence at Caracol

70 CE

First Mayan ritual structures built at Caracol, including the Temple of the Wooden Lintel and locus B34 burial.

150 CE

Another elaborate burial is added to locus B34 at Caracol.

331

Founding of the Caracol royal dynasty.

562

Caracol defeats Tikal and assumes leadership of the region. It will flourish through the 8th century.

631

Caracol defeats the rival city of Naranjo.

859

This is the last date to be recorded on a stele at Caracol.

1050

Caracol is abandoned; begins to be absorbed by jungle

1937

Rediscovery of Caracol

1952

Archaeologists began preliminary studies at Caracol.

2 more events →